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Sektion der Bundesrepublik Deutschland

Urgent Action

Journalistin frei

  • Iran
UA-125/2011-1
Index:
MDE 13/056/2011
07. Juni 2011

SHIVA KAMALIPOUR AZAD, 29-jährige Journalistin und Mitglied der Studierenden-Vereinigung CIS
MOHAMMAD REZA FAKHRAVAR (auch bekannt als ARASH FAKHRAVAR), 19-jähriges CIS-Mitglied

Shiva Kamalipour Azad, Mitglied der Studierendenvereinigung "Confederation of Iranian Students" (CIS), ist am 25. Mai 2011 gegen Kaution freigelassen worden. Sie hatte sich seit dem 26. April in Haft befunden. Mohammad Reza Fakhravar (auch unter dem Namen Arash bekannt) ist hingegen weiterhin im Evin-Gefängnis in Teheran inhaftiert. Nach Einschätzung von Amnesty International besteht die Gefahr, dass er gefoltert oder auf andere Weise misshandelt wird.

Die Journalistin Shiva Kamalipour Azad ist am 25. Mai 2011 gegen Zahlung einer Kaution in Höhe von umgerechnet 200.000 US-Dollar aus dem Evin-Gefängnis freigelassen worden. Ihren Reisepass haben die Behörden einbehalten. Shiva Kamalipour Azad darf das Land nicht verlassen.

Von Mohammad Reza (Arash) Fakhravar ist inzwischen bekannt, dass er in Trakt 209 des Evin-Gefängnisses in Haft gehalten wird. Dieser Trakt des Gefängnisses untersteht offenbar der Kontrolle des Geheimdienstministeriums. Die iranischen Behörden haben die Familie von Arash Fakhravar davor gewarnt, sich gegenüber den Medien über das Schicksal ihres Verwandten zu äußern. Arash Fakhravar hatte in Frankreich Asyl beantragt und dort im März und April 2011 an Demonstrationen gegen die iranische Regierung teilgenommen. Um den 29. April herum kehrte er in den Iran zurück und wurde bei seiner Ankunft auf dem Flughafen von Teheran verhaftet. Die genauen Umstände der Rückkehr von Arash Fakhravar in den Iran sind Amnesty International derzeit noch unklar.

EMPFOHLENE AKTIONEN

SCHREIBEN SIE BITTE E-MAILS, FAXE ODER LUFTPOSTBRIEFE MIT FOLGENDEN FORDERUNGEN

  • Ich begrüße die gegen Kaution erfolgte Freilassung von Shiva Kamalipour Azad und bitte um die Zusicherung, dass sie nicht erneut festgenommen wird, weil sie ihre Rechte auf freie Meinungsäußerung, Vereinigungs- und Versammlungsfreiheit friedlich wahrgenommen hat.
  • Bitte lassen Sie Mohammad Reza (auch bekannt als Arash) Fakhravar unverzüglich und bedingungslos frei, da er offenbar allein wegen der friedlichen Ausübung seiner Rechte auf freie Meinungsäußerung, Vereinigungs- und Versammlungsfreiheit in Haft gehalten wird.
  • Bitte stellen Sie sicher, dass Mohammad Reza Fakhravar vor Folter und anderen Misshandlungen geschützt wird und gewähren Sie ihm regelmäßigen Kontakt zu seiner Familie und einem Rechtsbeistand eigener Wahl. Sorgen Sie bitte dafür, dass Mohammad Reza Fakhravar angemessen medizinisch versorgt wird.

APPELLE AN

RELIGIONSFÜHRER
Ayatollah Sayed 'Ali Khamenei
The Office of the Supreme Leader, Islamic Republic Street - End of Shahid Keshvar Doust Street, Tehran,
IRAN (korrekte Anrede: Your Excellency / Exzellenz)
E-Mail: info_leader@leader.ir
Twitter: @khamenei_ir ("Iran leader @khamenei_ir Arash Fakhravar must be released immediately and unconditionally")

OBERSTE JUSTIZAUTORITÄT
Ayatollah Sadeqh Larijani
[care of] Public relations Office
Number 4, 2 Azizi Street
Vali Asr Ave., above Pasteur Street intersection
Tehran, IRAN
(korrekte Anrede: Your Excellency / Exzellenz)
E-Mail: bia.judi@yahoo.com (Betreffzeile: FAO Ayatollah Sadegh Larijani)

KOPIEN AN
LEITER DER STAATLICHEN MENSCHENRECHTSBEHÖRDE
Mohammad Javad Larijani
High Council for Human Rights
[Care of] Office of the Head of the Judiciary
Pasteur St. Vali Asr. Ave., south of Serah-e Jomhuri Tehran 1316814737, IRAN
(korrekte Anrede: Dear Sir / Sehr geehrter Herr Larijani)
Fax: (00 98) 21 3390 4986
E-Mail: bia.judi@yahoo.com
(Betreff: FAO Mohammad Javad Larijani)

BOTSCHAFT DER ISLAMISCHEN REPUBLIK IRAN
S.E. Herrn Alireza Sheikh Attar
Podbielskiallee 65-67
14195 Berlin
Fax: 030-8435 3535
E-Mail: info@iranbotschaft.de

Bitte schreiben Sie Ihre Appelle möglichst sofort. Schreiben Sie in gutem Persisch, Arabisch, Englisch oder auf Deutsch. Da Informationen in Urgent Actions schnell an Aktualität verlieren können, bitten wir Sie, nach dem 19. Juli 2011 keine Appelle mehr zu verschicken.

HINTERGRUNDINFORMATIONEN AUF ENGLISCH

According to its website, the Confederation of Iranian Students (CIS) is an independent, pro-western student movement of over 7000 members based inside and outside Iran. Its principal objective is "to empower the will and confidence of the Iranian people in their quest for freedom" and it undertakes social, cultural, artistic, literary, and sports activities. It states that it "works tirelessly to promote freedom, human rights and democracy in Iran". The CIS was officially launched in November 2002 and its Secretary General is former political prisoner Amir Abbas Fakhravar, the eldest brother of Arash Fakhravar.

Shiva Kamalipour Azad, aged 29, a founding member of the CIS and on its Board of Directors, was travelling on 17 April 2011 to Dubai, United Arab Emirates to collect a visa for the USA. She was due to speak on 8 May 2011 at a conference entitled "US-Iran Relations and New Generation Conference" sponsored by the Institute of World Politics in Washington, D.C. Herr passport, camera, computer and phone were confiscated and she was taken to Evin Prison, Tehran, where she reportedly appeared before a Revolutionary Court. Shiva Kamalipour Azad was held in incommunicado detention, until her release on bail on 24 April 2011. She is believed to have been ill-treated during interrogation- She was arrested again at her grandfather's residence, in the middle of the night two days later by six security officials believed to be from an intelligence body. She was blindfolded and taken back to Evin Prison. Shiva Kamalipour Azad has been arrested several times previously in connection with her activities for the CIS.

Mohammad Reza Fakhravar (known as Arash) was arrested on 31 December 2010 after participating in demonstrations against the authorities which took place in Iran in late December 2009 during the Ashoura religious commemorations. He was held for 30 days in solitary confinement. A family member told Amnesty International that on 19 January 2011, he was tried on charges of "insulting the Supreme Leader, and taking parts in riots and unrest". He was given a suspended prison sentence, which could be activated if he were to be convicted of having undertaken similar actions at any point over subsequent five years.

In late January 2011, he fled Iran for Iraq where he registered with UNHCR as an asylum-seeker. He travelled to France on 29-30 January, where he was an asylum seeker In March and April 2011, Arash Fakhravar took part in demonstrations against the Iranian government in France.

In February 2011, Rahim Rostami, a 19-year-old member of Iran's Kurdish minority who had arrived in Norway as an unaccompanied minor, and whose asylum claim had been rejected by the Norwegian authorities, was forcibly returned by Norway to Iran where he was reportedly arrested. He is believed to still be detained, with bail reportedly having been denied.

On 17 February 2011, an article written by a former Supreme Court judge appeared in Iran newspaper, a daily paper published by the Iranian government. Referring to existing laws that enable Iran's judiciary to bring charges against Iranians for alleged violations of Iranian law committed while outside Iran, the article stated that failed asylum-seekers could be prosecuted for making up accounts of alleged persecution. On 26 April 2011, Kayhan newspaper, which is controlled by the Office of the Supreme Leader, also reported that Iranians are seeking asylum 'on the pretext of supporting the opposition'.

PLEASE WRITE IMMEDIATELY

  • Welcoming the release on bail of Shiva Kamalipour Azad and seeking assurances that she will not be further detained solely for the peaceful exercise of her right to freedom of expression, association and assembly;
  • Calling on the Iranian authorities ro release Mohammad Reza (known as Arash) Fakhravar immediately and unconditionally if, as appears to be the case, he is held solely for the peaceful exercise of his right to freedom of expression, association and assembly;
  • Calling on the authorities to ensure that Mohammad Reza Fakhravar is protected from torture and other ill-treatment, and grant him immediate and regular access to his family, legal assistance of his choice and adequate medical care.